traverse the entire Soviet Union. Moreover no one can pass through Russia without official permits, which amongst other things entitles him to obtain food. An escape meant therefore, that the man would die of hanger. The Polish authorities compiled an additional list of 800 missing officers, this was handed to Stalin on March i8th31942, by General Anders, but it also had no result. Apart from the officers brought from the Grazovets camp, not one man known to be held in those three cainps appeared. Of the fourteen generals previously enumerated in " Krasnaya Zviezda " (Red Star) twelve were missing; out of 300 colonels and lieutenant-colonels, 294 had not returned; and of the remaining number of officers only 397 men had been traced. From a total of 15,400 officers, N.C.Os., Polish prisoners~of-war who had been in the custody of the Russians in those three fatal camps, roughly 15,000 men had disappeared. The Polish authorities in Moscow and Kuibyshev repeated their appeals regarding these men. The Minister of Foreign Affairs made numerous enquiries on their behalf to BogomolofF, and on January 6th, 1942, handed him a Note drawing his attention yet once again to those many thousands of Polish officers who could not be accounted for. The only answer received from the Soviet authorities was " all Polish citizens have already been released and no further details are available regarding those who have not arrived at their destination." On May I9th, the Polish Ambassador in the U.S.S.R. sent a memorandum to the People's Com- missariat for Foreign Aifairs in which he expressed his regret at the Soviets' refusal to provide lists of prisoners, his concern as to their fate, and stressed the value which those officers would have had in war against the Germans. On no occasion did the Polish Government or the Polish Embassy in Kuibyshev ever receive an answer as to the whereabouts of these officers and other prisoners deported from the three above mentioned camps. There were wild speculations in Russia and London as to the fate of these men, some thought they had been deported a great distance, probably Nova Zemlya where they had died, and it was also rumoured, that thousands had been drowned in the Volga. There was another supposition that they had been handed over to the Germans, but this did not seem feasible, since in that case some news at least would have come out through the medium of the Red Cross or letters would have arrived giving some indication as to where they had been taken, as had been the case with Polish officers in the concentration camps in Rumania when that country had been over-run by the Germans. One high official of the N.K.V.D., in his cups had said in confidence to a Pole : " Don't ask about those people—it has been a tragic mistake and no one can help them—now! "* Many Russian officials discussed the problem with the Poles generally, and vouchsafed the opinion that they ' * Polska Walczqca, London, 1943.